The Spectacular Omo Valley Portraits by Matilde Simas

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The Omo Valley is a remote and rugged region in southern Ethiopia that is home to several indigenous tribes, each with its unique customs and traditions. One of these tribes is the Mursi, who are known for their distinctive use of flowers in their attire.

The Mursi Community and Their Use of Flowers More in Depth

The Mursi people are a semi-nomadic tribe who live in small villages scattered throughout the Omo Valley. They are known for their distinctive body modifications, including the insertion of lip plates and scarification, which are used as a form of decoration and cultural expression.

One of the most striking aspects of the Mursi people’s attire is the use of flowers in their hairstyles. The Mursi women create intricate patterns with the flowers, which they place on top of their heads. The flowers are typically chosen for their vibrant colors and pleasing aromas and are often sourced from the surrounding natural environment.



The exact reason for the Mursi people’s use of flowers is not entirely clear, as there are few written records of their culture and traditions. However, several theories have been put forward by anthropologists and researchers.

One theory suggests that the use of flowers is linked to the Mursi people’s reverence for nature and the natural world. The Omo Valley is home to diverse plant and animal life, and the Mursi people have developed a deep connection to their surroundings. The use of flowers in their attire may be a way of celebrating the natural world and the beauty that surrounds them.

Another theory suggests that the flowers are used as a form of communication. The Mursi people live in a society that is largely oral, with few written records or formal institutions. As a result, much of their communication is non-verbal, and the use of flowers in their attire may signal certain social or cultural affiliations.


Mursi women adorn their heads with flowers


For example, different flowers may be associated with different clans or groups within the Mursi tribe, and the use of certain flowers may indicate membership in a particular group or social status. Similarly, the use of flowers may attract potential partners’ attention, as certain flowers may be seen as more attractive or desirable than others.

More Reasons Why Mursi Women Add Flowers to Their Attires

On the other hand, the use of flowers in the Mursi people’s attire is also linked to their spiritual beliefs and practices. Like many indigenous tribes around the world, the Mursi people have a deep connection to the spiritual world and believe in the power of ritual and ceremony.


Mursi women love wearing flowers as tradition and reverence to nature


For the Mursi people, the natural world is imbued with spiritual significance, and the use of flowers in their attire may be a way of invoking or celebrating the spirits of the natural world. The flowers themselves may be seen as a form of offering or sacrifice, and the act of arranging them in intricate patterns may be seen as a form of prayer or meditation.


Paintings on faces along with flowers and leaves on Mursi women


The use of flowers in the Mursi people’s attire is also linked to their sense of identity and cultural heritage. This community has had a long and rich history, and its cultural traditions have been passed down through generations, making it a very interesting and deeply signified community to photograph. Here’s where Matilde Simas comes in to make magic through a photographic lens.

The Omo Valley Portraits by Matilda Simas

Matilde Simas is a documentary photographer who has traveled extensively to convey a deeply humanistic perspective on difficult themes such as sex trafficking and forced marriage. She has traveled widely in Africa since joining the Limb Kind Foundation as a staff photographer in 2018, covering their mission to provide prosthetic limbs to victims of trauma and violence.

She flew with an interpreter to the Omo Valley in Southwest Ethiopia in the spring of 2022, following an assignment with Limb Kind, to capture the exceptional self-adornment of the indigenous tribes. She gently eased her way into their daily routines from her tent by the Omo River and photographed these basic, yet exquisite, images.


Exquisite images of the Omo Valley people by Matilde Simas


Matilde’s main reason for observing and documenting the Mursi people’s practices was to create a visual record. She would sit at her camp by the river and observe the daily activities of women and children grinding rocks and flowers to make face paint and adornments. Each portrait in the series showcases the colorful design elements of lines, shapes, colors, and textures through natural lighting, creating a sense of harmony, balance, unity, emphasis, and rhythm.


Closeup of Matilde Simas photography


The portraits in this series depict the people of the Southern Nations adorned with intricate floral headpieces, face painting, scarification, and lower lip plates. These forms of self-decoration and tribal regalia are worn with pride as symbols of commitment to marriage and to demonstrate tribal identity and status. However, these practices are now at risk of disappearing as change rapidly approaches the Omo Valley.


Matilde Simas photographer
Matilde Simas


Give Matilde’s photographic work a look because there’s no better way of immersing into another culture than by spectacularly shot photographs.


Photos by Matilde Simas.

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